I.D.S. BRIEF BANK

Maintained by the Office of the Appellate Defender

Please be aware that the briefs posted here may not represent the current state of the law applicable to a specific set of facts. While helpful as a starting point for research on a pending legal issue, briefs posted here are statements of the law as perceived by particular appellate counsel in the context of a particular case at some point in the past. They are not a substitute for thorough and independent research in the context of the facts of a pending case.

Please email comments to: briefbank@nccourts.org

 

Briefing Tips from OAD Briefbank Committee

 

Index


1.00    ALTERNATE SUSPECT EVIDENCE

1.01    Relevancy

1.02    Adequacy of showing

 

2.00    APPEALS

2.01    Anders brief

2.02    Appeal bond

2.03    Appellate jurisdiction

2.04    Appealable judgments and orders

2.05    Correction of judgment

2.06    Defendant's escape during pendency of appeal

2.07    Dismissal

2.08    Existence of other remedy

2.09    Modification of sentence

2.10    Notice of appeal

2.11    Preservation of issues for appeal

2.12            Continuing or line objection

2.13            Insufficiency of the evidence

2.14            Instructional error

2.15            Motions in limine

2.16            Necessity for objection

2.17            Offer of proof

2.18            Otherwise preserved by rule or law without necessity of objection

2.19    Standards of review

2.20            Plain error

2.21            Structural error

2.22            Constitutional error

2.23                           Reversible error per se

2.24                           Chapman prejudicial error

2.25            Abuse of discretion

2.26    Remand

2.27    Rehearing

2.28    Successive appeals

2.29    Appeal by prosecutor

2.30    Transcript

2.31            Incomplete transcript

2.32            Indigent entitlement to transcript

2.33            Failure to request recordation

2.34    Petition for writ of certiorari

2.35    Right to appeal

2.36    Record settlement

2.37    Retroactivity

 

3.00    ARRAIGNMENT

 

4.00    ARREST

4.01    Probable cause

4.02    Adequacy of warrant

4.03    Warrantless arrest

4.04             Police authority

4.05             Hot pursuit

 

5.00    ARSON

5.01    First-degree arson

5.02             Instruction on

5.03             Insufficient evidence

5.04             Indictment for

5.05             Lesser included offense

5.06    Second-degree arson

5.07             Instruction on

5.08             Insufficient evidence

5.09             Indictment for

5.10             Lesser included offense

5.11    Burning public building, schoolhouse, bridge, fire station, factory, church, boat, etc.

5.12             Instruction on

5.13             Insufficient evidence

5.14             Indictment for

5.15             Lesser included offense

5.16    Fraudulently burning a dwelling house

5.17             Instruction on

5.18             Insufficient evidence

5.19             Indictment for

5.20             Lesser included offense

 

6.00    ASSAULT ( Non-Sexual)

6.01    Deadly weapon

6.02    Assault inflicting serious injury

6.03             Instruction on

6.04             Insufficient evidence

6.05             Indictment for

6.06             Lesser included offense

6.07    Assault inflicting serious bodily injury

6.08             Instruction on

6.09             Insufficient evidence

6.10             Indictment for

6.11             Lesser included offense

6.12    Assault with a deadly weapon

6.13             Instruction on

6.14             Insufficient evidence

6.15             Indictment for

6.16             Lesser included offense

6.17    Assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill

6.18             Instruction on

6.19             Insufficient evidence

6.20             Indictment for

6.21             Lesser included offense

6.22    Assault with a deadly weapon inflicting serious injury

6.23             Instruction on

6.24             Insufficient evidence

6.25             Indictment for

6.26             Lesser included offense

6.27    Assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill inflicting serious injury

6.28             Instruction on

6.29             Insufficient evidence

6.30             Indictment for

6.31             Lesser included offense

6.32    Assault on a female

6.33             Instruction on

6.34             Insufficient evidence

6.35             Indictment for

6.36             Lesser included offense

6.37    Maiming

6.38             Instruction on

6.39             Insufficient evidence

6.40             Indictment for

6.41             Lesser included offense

6.42    Habitual misdemeanor assault

6.43             Instruction on

6.44             Insufficient evidence

6.45             Indictment for

6.46             Lesser included offense

6.47             Not habitual felony enhanceable

6.48             Double jeopardy

6.49    Other assault offenses

6.50             Instruction on

6.51             Insufficient evidence

6.52             Indictment for

6.53             Lesser included offense

 

105.00 BAIL

105.01  Denial of

105.02  Conditions of Pretrial Release

105.03  Excessive

 

7.00    BAILIFF

 

8.00    BATSON

8.01    Prima facie showing

8.02    Race-neutral explanation

8.03    Burden of proving purposeful discrimination

 

9.00    BILL OF PARTICULARS

9.01    Abuse of discretion in failing to allow

9.02    Sufficiency of

9.03    Limiting theory at trial

 

10.00  BREAKING OR ENTERING

10.01   Breaking or entering of building   felonious

10.02               Instruction on

10.03               Insufficient evidence

10.04               Indictment for

10.05               Lesser included offense

10.06   Breaking or entering of building   misdemeanor

10.07               Instruction on

10.08               Insufficient evidence

10.09               Indictment for

10.10               Lesser included offense

10.11   Breaking or entering vehicle

10.12               Instruction on

10.13               Insufficient evidence

10.14               Indictment for

10.15               Lesser included offense

10.16   Breaking out of a dwelling

10.17               Instruction on

10.18               Insufficient evidence

10.19               Indictment for

10.20               Lesser included offense

10.21   Breaking into coin-operated machine - felonious

10.22               Instruction on

10.23               Insufficient evidence

10.24               Indictment for

10.25               Lesser included offense

10.26   Safecracking

10.27               Instruction on

10.28               Insufficient evidence

10.29               Indictment for

10.30               Lesser included offense

 

11.00  BURGLARY

11.01   First-degree burglary

11.02               Instruction on

11.03               Insufficient evidence

11.04               Indictment for

11.05               Lesser included offense

11.06   Second-degree burglary

11.07               Instruction on

11.08               Insufficient evidence

11.09               Indictment for

11.10               Lesser included offense

11.11   Possession of burglar tools

11.12               Instruction on

11.13               Insufficient evidence

11.14               Indictment for

11.15               Lesser included offense

 

94.00  CHAIN OF CUSTODY

 

12.00  CHILD ABUSE

12.01   Child abuse inflicting serious injury

12.02               Instruction on

12.03               Insufficient evidence

12.04               Indictment for

12.05               Lesser included offense

12.06   Child abuse inflicting serious bodily injury or mental or emotional injury

12.07               Instruction on

12.08               Insufficient evidence

12.09               Indictment for

12.10               Lesser included offense

12.11   Child abuse   prostitution

12.12               Instruction on

12.13               Insufficient evidence

12.14               Indictment for

12.15               Lesser included offense

12.16   Child abuse   sex act

12.17               Instruction on

12.18               Insufficient evidence

12.19               Indictment for

12.20               Lesser included offense

 

13.00  CLOSING ARGUMENT

13.01   Limitation on

13.02   Sequence of arguments given

13.03   Conscience of the community

13.04   Deterrence

13.05   Expression of personal belief

13.06   Evidence outside the record

13.07   Unreasonable inference from the evidence

13.08   Biblical references

13.09   Comment upon defendant's failure to testify

13.10   Comment upon failure to produce witnesses or evidence

13.11   Comment on defendant's demeanor or character

13.12   Comment demeaning defense counsel

13.13   Comment demeaning expert witness

13.14   Appeal to sympathy or prejudice

13.15   Incorrect statement of law

13.16   Victim impact

13.17   Placing in the shoes of the victim

13.18   Incorrect statement of fact

13.19   Diminishing juror responsibility

13.20   Comment on not guilty plea

13.21   Reading case law

 

14.00  COMPETENCY OF DEFENDANT

14.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

14.02   Appointment of expert

14.03   Necessity of hearing

14.04   Unable to understand proceedings

14.05   Unable to comprehend situation

14.06   Unable to assist defense

 

88.00  COMPULSORY PROCESS

88.01   Issuance of subpoena for pre se defendant

88.02   Out of state witness

 

101.00  COMPUTER CRIME

101.01   Accessing computer

101.02               Instruction on

101.03               Insufficient evidence

101.04               Indictment for

101.05               Lesser included offense

101.06   Accessing government computer

101.07               Instruction on

101.08               Insufficient evidence

101.09               Indictment for

101.10               Lesser included offense

101.11   Damaging computers or computer programs, networks, or systems

101.12               Instruction on

101.13               Insufficient evidence

101.14               Indictment for

101.15               Lesser included offense

101.16   Denial of computer services to authorized user

101.17               Instruction on

101.18               Insufficient evidence

101.19               Indictment for

101.20               Lesser included offense

101.21   Denial of government computer services to authorized user

101.22               Instruction on

101.23               Insufficient evidence

101.24               Indictment for

101.25               Lesser included offense

101.26   Solicitation of child by computer

101.27               Instruction on

101.28               Insufficient evidence

101.29               Indictment for

101.30               Lesser included offense

 

15.00  CONDUCT OF SPECTATORS IN COURT

15.01   Inadequate remedial measures

 

16.00  CONFESSIONS & POLICE INTERROGATION

16.01   Disclosure by prosecution

16.02   Interrogation of juvenile

16.03   Fifth Amendment - Miranda

16.04               Custody

16.05               Interrogation

16.06               Advisement of rights

16.38               Waiver

16.07               Invocation of the right to counsel

16.08                           Unequivocal request

16.09                           Failure of law enforcement to honor

16.10                           Defendant re-initiation

16.11               Invocation of the right to remain silent

16.12                           Unequivocal invocation

16.13                           Failure of law enforcement to honor

16.14                           Defendant re-initiation

16.15   Sixth Amendment - Right to Counsel

16.16               When right to counsel attaches

16.17               Proceedings at which right to counsel attaches

16.18   Fourteenth Amendment - Voluntariness

16.19               Test for determining voluntariness

16.20               Trickery or deceit

16.21               Promises by law enforcement

16.22               Defendant's age

16.23               Defendant's experience with law enforcement

16.24               Defendant does not speak English

16.25               Intoxication by alcohol or drugs

16.26               Mental impairment

16.27               Prolonged interrogation

16.28               Deprivation of food or sleep

16.29               Deprived of access to attorney

16.37               Threats and coercion

16.30               Jackson v Denno hearing

16.31   Vienna Convention

16.32   State statutes

16.33   Fourth Amendment

16.34               Searches

16.35               Seizures/Illegal arrest

16.36               Fruit of the poisonous tree

 

17.00  CONFRONTATION

17.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

17.02   Child witness

17.03   Failure to produce or disclose informants

17.04   Incompetent witness (other than children)

17.05   Ohio v. Roberts indicia of reliability for admission of hearsay

17.06   Crawford v. Washington

17.07               911 Calls

17.08               Out-of-court statements to police

17.09               Social workers, doctors, therapists, etc.

17.10               Test results

 

98.00  CONTEMPT OF COURT

98.01   Insufficient evidence

98.02   Inadequate findings

98.03   Summary proceedings

98.04               Statutory and constitutional requirements

98.05   Plenary proceedings

98.06               Statutory and constitutional requirements

98.07   Restraint or arrest

 

18.00  CONTINUANCE

18.01   Grounds

18.02               Insufficient time to prepare

18.03   Necessity of application

18.04   Abuse of discretion in granting or denying

18.05   First appearance in superior court

 

19.00  COUNSEL FOR THE ACCUSED

19.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

19.02   Offenses triggering right to counsel

19.03   Stage of proceeding affecting right

19.04   Consultation between counsel and accused

19.05   Dismissal of counsel

19.06   Deprivation of right to counsel

19.07   Standby counsel

19.08   Ineffective assistance of counsel

19.09               Constitutional and statutory provisions

19.10               Strickland v Washington

19.11                           Deficient performance

19.12                           Prejudice

19.13               Cronic v US denial of counsel

19.14               Conflict of interest

19.15                           Representation of multiple defendants

19.16                           Prior representation of prosecution witness

19.17                           Prejudice

19.18   Allocation of decision-making (Ali)

 

20.00  CORPUS DELECTI

 

21.00   CROSS-EXAMINATION AND IMPEACHMENT (also see EVIDENCE)

21.01   Badger, insult, attack of witnesses

21.02   Opening the door

21.03   Admission of extrinsic evidence

21.04   Necessity of surprise to introduce prior inconsistent statement

 

22.00  DEATH PENALTY

22.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

22.02   Aggravating factors

22.03               Double counting

22.04               (e)(1) Capital felony committed by person lawfully incarcerated

22.05                           Instruction on

22.06                           Insufficient evidence

22.07               (e)(2) Previously convicted of or adjudicated delinquent for capital felony

22.08                           Instruction on

22.09                           Insufficient evidence

22.10               (e)(3) Previous violent felony or juvenile adjudication

22.11                           Instruction on

22.12                           Insufficient evidence

22.13               (e)(4) Committed for purpose of avoiding arrest or escape

22.14                           Instruction on

22.15                           Insufficient evidence

22.16               (e)(5) While engaged in a felony

22.17                           Instruction on

22.18                           Insufficient evidence

22.19               (e)(6) Pecuniary gain

22.20                           Instruction on

22.21                           Insufficient evidence

22.22               (e)(7) To disrupt lawful governmental function

22.23                           Instruction on

22.24                           Insufficient evidence

22.25               (e)(8) Against law enforcement officer, DOC employee, jailer, fireman, judge, prosecutor, juror, witness

22.26                           Instruction on

22.27                           Insufficient evidence

22.28               (e)(9) Especially heinous, atrocious, or cruel

22.29                           Instruction on

22.30                           Insufficient evidence

22.31               (e)(10) Great risk of death

22.32                           Instruction on

22.33                           Insufficient evidence

22.34               (e)(11) Course of conduct

22.35                           Instruction on

22.36                           Insufficient evidence

22.95   Weighing of aggravating and mitigating factors

22.37   Apprendi-Ring indictment issues

22.38               Elements of homicide

22.39               Aggravating factors

22.40   Enmund-Tison reckless indifference to human life

22.41               Instruction on

22.42               Insufficient evidence

22.43               Applicability to premeditated murder

22.44   Instructions

22.45               Life without parole

22.46               Peremptory instruction on statutory mitigating factor

22.47               Peremptory instruction on non-statutory mitigating factor

22.48               Presumptions

22.49               Combining mitigating circumstances

22.50               Duty of court to instruct on statutory mitigating factor

22.51               Mental retardation

22.52   Morgan excludable (automatic death penalty juror)

22.53   Mitigating factors

22.54               (f)(1) No significant criminal history

22.55                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.56                           Instruction over objection of defendant

22.57               (f)(2) Under influence of mental or emotional disturbance

22.58                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.59               (f)(3) Victim was a voluntary participant or consented

22.60                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.61               (f)(4) Accomplice to capital felony of another and participation minor

22.62                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.63               (f)(5) Duress

22.64                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.65               (f)(6) Capacity to appreciate or conform conduct was impaired

22.66                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.67               (f)(7) Age

22.68                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.69               (f)(8) Aided in apprehension of capital felon or testified in another felony case

22.70                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.71               (f)(9) Any other circumstance

22.72                           Sufficient evidence to support instruction

22.73   Proportionality

22.74               Eighth Amendment right of review

22.75               Statutory review

22.76               Felony murder

22.77               Premeditated murder

22.78   Right to be present

22.79   Witherspoon-Witt

22.80               Erroneously denied challenge for cause

22.81               Erroneously granted challenge for cause

22.82               Restriction on voir dire

22.83   Ford competency to be executed

22.84   International law

22.85   Caldwell diminishing responsibility of jury

22.86   Evidence issues

22.87   Mental retardation

22.88               Constitutional grounds

22.89               Statutory grounds (15A-2005)

22.90               Sufficiency of the evidence

22.91               Pre-trial procedure

22.92               Penalty phase procedure

22.93               Burden of proof

22.94   Right to two attorneys

22.95   Prosecutorial discretion

22.96   Rule 24 Hearing

 

23.00  DEFENSES

23.01   Right to present evidence

23.02   Necessity of instruction

23.03   Abandonment

23.04               Instruction on

23.05               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.06   Accident

23.07               Instruction on

23.08               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.09   Alibi

23.10               Notice of alibi

23.11               Instruction on

23.12               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.13   Alternate suspect

23.14               Instruction on

23.15               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.16   Consent

23.17               Instruction on

23.18               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.19   Defense of other

23.20               Instruction on

23.21               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.22   Diminished capacity

23.23               Instruction on

23.24               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.25   Duress

23.26               Instruction on

23.27               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.28   Entrapment

23.29               Instruction on

23.30               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.31   Former jeopardy

23.32               Instruction on

23.33               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.34   Habitation

23.35               Instruction on

23.36               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.37   Insanity

23.38               Instruction on

23.39               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.40   Intoxication

23.41               Instruction on

23.42               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.43   Justification

23.44               Instruction on

23.45               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.46   Misidentification

23.47               Instruction on

23.48               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.49   Mistake of fact or law

23.50               Instruction on

23.51               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.52   Necessity

23.53               Instruction on

23.54               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.55   Self-Defense

23.56               Instruction on

23.57               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.58               Imperfect self-defense

23.59   Unconsciousness or Automatism

23.60               Instruction on

23.61               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

23.62   Penetration for accepted medical purpose

23.63               Instruction on

23.64               Sufficiency of evidence to obtain instruction

 

24.00  DEMONSTRATIVE EVIDENCE

24.01   Relevancy

24.02   Instruction on

 

25.00  DESTRUCTION OF EVIDENCE

25.01   Bad faith

25.02   Sanctions for

 

26.00  DISCOVERY

26.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

26.02   Brady evidence

26.03               Exculpatory evidence

26.04               Impeachment evidence

26.05               Materiality

26.06   Discovery by the State

26.07   Discovery by the defense

26.08   Duty of prosecution to obtain information

26.09   Loss or destruction of evidence

26.10   Disclosure of witness statements

26.11   Sanctions for noncompliance

26.12   Local rules governing discovery

26.13               Open file

26.14               Exceptional case status

26.15   Sealed records / Pennsylvania v. Ritchie

26.16               Sufficiency of motion

26.17               Adequacy of review

26.18               Unsealing for appellate review

26.19   Nontestimonial identification order

 

27.00  DOUBLE JEOPARDY

27.01   Civil penalties

27.02   Collateral estoppel

27.03   Appeal or retrial after granting of motion to dismiss

27.04   Appeals by the State

27.05   Successive prosecution

27.06   Mistrials

27.07   Multiple punishment for the same act

27.08   Acquittal by operation of law

 

28.00  DRIVING OFFENSES

28.01   Death by vehicle   felony

28.02               Instruction on

28.03               Insufficient evidence

28.04               Indictment for

28.05               Lesser included offense

28.06   Habitual impaired driving

28.07               Instruction on

28.08               Insufficient evidence

28.09               Indictment for

28.10               Lesser included offense

28.11   Hit and Run   personal injury or death

28.12               Instruction on

28.13               Insufficient evidence

28.14               Indictment for

28.15               Lesser included offense

28.16   Felony Eluding Arrest

28.17               Instruction on

28.18               Insufficient evidence

28.19               Indictment for

28.20               Lesser included offense

28.21   Impaired Driving

28.22               Instruction on

28.23               Insufficient evidence

28.24               Indictment for

28.25               Lesser included offense

28.26   Sentencing for driving offenses

28.27   Death by vehicle - misdemeanor

28.28               Instruction on

28.29               Insufficient evidence

28.30               Charging document

28.31               Lesser included offense

28.32   Driving while license revoked

28.33               Instruction on

28.34               Insufficient evidence

28.35               Charging document

28.36               Lesser included offense

28.37   Reckless driving

28.38               Instruction on

28.39               Insufficient evidence

28.40               Charging document

28.41               Lesser included offense

28.42   False reporting

28.43               Instruction on

28.44               Insufficient evidence

28.45               Charging document

28.46               Lesser included offense

 

29.00  DRUG OFFENSES

29.01   Manufacture of controlled substance

29.02               Instruction on

29.03               Insufficient evidence

29.04               Indictment for

29.05               Lesser included offense

29.06   Sale or delivery of controlled substance

29.07               Instruction on

29.08               Insufficient evidence

29.09               Indictment for

29.10               Lesser included offense

29.11   Possession of controlled substance with intent to manufacture, sell, or deliver

29.12               Instruction on

29.13               Insufficient evidence

29.14               Indictment for

29.15               Lesser included offense

29.16   Possession of controlled substance

29.17               Instruction on

29.18               Insufficient evidence

29.19               Indictment for

29.20               Lesser included offense

29.21   Trafficking

29.22               Instruction on

29.23               Insufficient evidence

29.24               Indictment for

29.25               Lesser included offense

29.26   Precursors

29.27               Instruction on

29.28               Insufficient evidence

29.29               Indictment for

29.30               Lesser included offense

29.31   Knowingly maintaining a store, dwelling, vehicle, boat, or other place for use, storage or sale of controlled substances

29.32               Instruction on

29.33               Insufficient evidence

29.34               Indictment for

29.35               Lesser included offense

29.36   Intentionally maintaining a store, dwelling, vehicle, boat, or other place for use, storage or sale of controlled substances

29.37               Instruction on

29.38               Insufficient evidence

29.39               Indictment for

29.40               Lesser included offense

29.41   Possession of drug paraphernalia

29.42               Instruction on

29.43               Insufficient evidence

29.44               Indictment for

29.45               Lesser included offense

29.46   Sentencing for drug offenses

29.47   Possession with intent to sell and deliver counterfeit controlled substance

29.48               Instruction on

29.49               Insufficient evidence

29.50               Indictment for

29.51               Lesser included offense

 

103.00  ESCAPE

103.01   Instruction on

103.02   Insufficient evidence

103.03   Indictment for

103.04   Lesser included offense

 

30.00  EVIDENCE

30.01   102 Purpose and construction

30.02   103 Rulings on evidence

30.03   104 Conditional relevancy

30.04   105 Limited admissibility

30.05   106 Admission of remainder of statement (rule of completeness)

30.06   201 Judicial notice

30.07   401 Relevancy

30.08   403 Exclusion of relevant evidence: prejudice, confusion, waste of time

30.09               Gruesome photographs

30.10               Necessity of balancing

30.11   404 Character evidence

30.12               404(a)(1) Character of accused

30.13               404(a)(2) Character of victim

30.14               404(a)(3) Character of witness

30.15               404(b) Other crimes, wrongs, or acts

30.16                           Remoteness

30.17                           Dissimilarity

30.18                           Purpose of admission

30.19                           Limiting instruction

30.20   405 Methods of proving character

30.21               405(a) Reputation or opinion

30.22               405(b) Specific instances of conduct

30.23   406 Habit

30.24   407 Subsequent remedial measures

30.25   410 Inadmissibility of plea and plea discussions

30.26   412 Rape or sex offense victim's prior behavior

30.27   501 Privileges

30.28               Marital privilege

30.29               Doctor patient privilege

30.30               Priest penitent privilege

30.122             Attorney-client privilege

30.31   601 Competency

30.32   602 Lack of personal knowledge

30.33   603 Oath or affirmation

30.34   604 Interpreters

30.35   605 Competency of judge as witness

30.36   606 Competency of juror as witness

30.37   607 Who may impeach

30.38   608 Impeachment by character and conduct of witness

30.39               608(a) Opinion and reputation evidence

30.40               608(b) Specific instances of conduct

30.41   609 Impeachment by evidence of conviction of crime

30.42   610 Religious beliefs or opinions

30.43   611 Mode and order of interrogation    

30.44               Improper restriction on cross-examination

30.45               Cross-examination beyond the scope of direct

30.46   612 Writing or object used to refresh memory

30.47   613 Prior statements of witness

30.48   614 Calling and interrogation of witnesses by court

30.49   615 Exclusion of witnesses (witness sequestration)

30.50   701 Lay opinion testimony

30.51               701(a) Rationally based on perception of witness

30.52               701(b) Helpful to understanding or determination

30.53   702 Expert testimony

30.54               702(a) Qualification of expert

30.55               702(b) Helpful to understanding or determination

30.56               Opinion on truthfulness

30.57               Opinion on mental state

30.58   703 Bases of opinion testimony by experts

30.59   704 Opinion on ultimate issue

30.60   705 Disclosure of fact or data underlying expert opinion

30.61   706 Court appointed experts

30.62   801 Hearsay definitions and exception for admissions of party-opponent

30.63               801(a) Statement

30.64               801(c) Hearsay

30.65               801(d) Exception for admissions by a party-opponent

30.66               801(d)(A) Statement by defendant

30.67               801(d)(B) Adopted admission

30.68               801(d)(C) Authorized statement

30.69               801(d)(D) Agency statement

30.70               801(d)(E) Co-conspirator statement

30.71               Non-hearsay use

30.72   802 Hearsay not admissible except by statute or rule

30.73   803(1) Present sense impression

30.74   803(2) Excited utterance

30.75   803(3) Then existing mental, emotional, or physical condition

30.76   803(4) Statement for purpose of medical diagnosis

30.77   803(5) Recorded recollection

30.78   803(6) Records of regularly conducted activity

30.79   803(7) Absence of entry

30.80   803(8) Public records

30.81   803(9) Records of vital statistics

30.82   803(10) Absence of public record

30.83   803(11) Records of religious organizations

30.84   803(12) Marriage, baptismal, and similar certificates

30.85   803(13) Family records

30.86   803(14) Records of documents affecting property interests

30.87   803(15) Statements in documents affecting property interests

30.88   803(16) Statements in ancient documents

30.89   803(17) Market reports, commercial publications

30.90   803(18) Learned treatises

30.91   803(19) Reputation concerning personal or family history

30.92   803(20) Reputation concerning boundaries or general history

30.93   803(21) Reputation as to character

30.94   803(23) Judgment as to personal, family or general history, or boundaries

30.95   803(24) Other exceptions

30.96               803(24)(A) Materiality

30.97               803(24)(B) More probative than any other evidence

30.98               803(24)(C) Interests of justice

30.99               Lack of sufficient written notice

30.100 804(a) Unavailability

30.101 804(b)(1) Former testimony

30.102 804(b)(2) Statement under belief of impending death (dying declaration)

30.103 804(b)(3) Statement against interest

30.104 804(b)(4) Statement of personal or family history

30.105 804(b)(5) Other exceptions

30.106             804(b)(5)(A) Materiality

30.107 804(b)(5)(B) More probative than any other evidence

30.108 804(b)(5)(C) Interests of justice

30.109             Lack of sufficient written notice

30.110 805 Hearsay within hearsay

30.111 806 Credibility of hearsay declarant

30.112 Authentication

30.113 902 Self-authentication

30.114 1002 Requirement of original (best evidence rule)

30.115 1003 Admissibility of duplicates

30.116 1004 Admissibility of other evidence of contents

30.117 1005 Public Records

30.118 1006 Summaries

30.119 1007 Testimony or written admission of party

30.120 1008 Functions of court and jury

30.121 1101 Applicability of rules

 

92.00  EX POST FACTO

 

31.00  EXPERT WITNESS (also see EVIDENCE)

31.01   Daubert/Goode/Howerton

31.02   Sufficient showing to obtain state-funded expert

 

108.00  FAIR SENTENCING ACT AND INDETERMINATE SENTENCING

 

32.00  FRAUD, FORGERY, FALSE PRETENSES

32.01   Obtaining property by false pretenses

32.02               Instruction on

32.03               Insufficient evidence

32.04               Indictment for

32.05               Lesser included offense

32.06   Medicaid, Welfare, Food Stamp, or Insurance Fraud

32.07               Instruction on

32.08               Insufficient evidence

32.09               Indictment for

32.10               Lesser included offense

32.11   Worthless check   making or uttering

32.12               Instruction on

32.13               Insufficient evidence

32.14               Indictment for

32.15               Lesser included offense

32.16   Worthless check on nonexistent or closed account

32.17               Instruction on

32.18               Insufficient evidence

32.19               Indictment for

32.20               Lesser included offense

32.21   Financial identity fraud

32.22               Instruction on

32.23               Insufficient evidence

32.24               Indictment for

32.25               Lesser included offense

32.26   Common law forgery or uttering

32.27               Instruction on

32.28               Insufficient evidence

32.29               Indictment for

32.30               Lesser included offense

32.31   Financial transaction card fraud

32.32               Instruction on

32.33               Insufficient evidence

32.34               Indictment for

32.35               Lesser included offense

32.36   Computer fraud

32.37               Instruction on

32.38               Insufficient evidence

32.39               Indictment for

32.40               Lesser included offense

32.41   Financial transaction card theft

32.42               Instruction on

32.43               Insufficient evidence

32.44               Indictment for

32.45               Lesser included offense

32.46   Felony conversion by bailee

32.47               Instruction on

32.48               Insufficient evidence

32.49               Indictment for

32.50               Lesser included offense

32.51   Material alteration of case record

32.52               Instruction on

32.53               Insufficient evidence

32.54               Indictment for

32.55               Lesser included offense

 

33.00   FULL FAITH AND CREDIT

 

34.00  GRAND JURY

34.01   Disclosure or inspection

34.02   Challenge to sufficiency of evidence

34.03   Conduct of proceedings

34.04   Racial discrimination

34.05   Composition of

 

35.00  GUILTY PLEA or NOLO CONTENDERE PLEA

35.01   Adequacy of record

35.02   Advisement

35.03   Voluntary, knowing, and intelligent waiver

35.04   Factual basis

35.05   Motion to withdraw prior to sentencing

35.06   Motion to withdraw subsequent to sentencing

35.07   Prosecution failure to comply with plea bargain

35.08   Alford plea

35.09   Conditional plea

35.10   Judicial rejection of plea

 

36.00  HABITUAL FELON

36.01   Burden of proof

36.02   Dual use of convictions for enhancement and prior record level calculation

36.03   Judgment and Commitment errors and requirements

36.04   Indictment

36.05   Method of proof

36.06   Notice

36.07   Offenses which can be used for enhancement

36.08   Offenses from other jurisdictions

36.09   Peremptory instruction

36.10   Sentence

36.11   Constitutional issues

36.12               Double jeopardy

36.13               Disproportionate sentence

 

37.00   HARBISON

37.01   Failure to place waiver on record

37.02   Admissions of guilt

 

38.00  HOMICIDE

38.01   First-degree murder

38.02               Premeditated and deliberate (P&D)

38.03                           Instruction on

38.04                           Insufficient evidence

38.05                           Indictment for (other than short-form issue)

38.06                           Lesser included offense

38.07               Felony murder

38.08                           Instruction on

38.09                           Insufficient evidence

38.10                           Indictment for (other than short-form issue)

38.11                           Lesser included offense

38.12                           Merger rule

38.13               Lying in wait

38.14                           Instruction on

38.15                           Insufficient evidence

38.16                           Indictment for (other than short-form issue)

38.17                           Lesser included offense

38.18               Poison, torture, starvation

38.19                           Instruction on

38.20                           Insufficient evidence

38.21                           Indictment for (other than short-form issue)

38.22                           Lesser included offense

38.23   Second-degree murder

38.24               Instruction on

38.25               Insufficient evidence

38.26               Indictment for

38.27               Lesser included offense

38.28   Voluntary manslaughter

38.29               Instruction on

38.30               Insufficient evidence

38.31               Indictment for

38.32               Lesser included offense

38.33   Involuntary manslaughter

38.34               Instruction on

38.35               Insufficient evidence

38.36               Indictment for

38.37               Lesser included offense

 

39.00  IDENTIFICATION OF ACCUSED

39.01   Lineup

39.02   Showup

39.03   Photo array

39.04   Independent basis for in-court identification

39.05   Expert witness on identification

39.06   Jury instruction on identification

 

40.00  IMPOSITION OF MONETARY ASSESSMENTS

40.01   Fine

40.02   Fee

40.03   Court cost

40.04   Restitution

 

90.00  INCHOATE OFFENSES

90.01   Conspiracy

90.02               Instruction on

90.03               Insufficient evidence

90.04               Indictment for

90.05   Solicitation

90.06               Instruction on

90.07               Insufficient evidence

90.08               Indictment for

90.09   Attempt

90.10               Instruction on

90.11               Insufficient evidence

90.12               Indictment for

 

100.00  INCONSISTENT THEORIES

100.01   Theory of Crime

100.02   Theory of Appeal

 

41.00  INDICTMENT

41.01   Short-form indictment (other than homicide)

41.02               Sexual offense

41.03               Rape

41.04   Apprendi-Ring (non-capital)

41.05   Sufficiency of indictment

41.06   Amendment of indictment

41.07   Variance in proof

41.08   Successive indictment

41.09   Motion to quash indictment

41.10   Information

 

42.00  INFORMANTS

42.01   Disclosure of identity

42.02   Disclosure of prosecution deals with informants or snitches

 

42.50  INJURY TO REAL OR PERSONAL PROPERTY

 

43.00  INTERSTATE AGREEMENT ON DETAINERS

43.01   Request by prosecutor for temporary custody

43.02   Request by inmate for disposition of detainer

43.03   Speedy trial

 

44.00  JOINT TRIAL OF CO-DEFENDANTS / BRUTON

44.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

44.02   Antagonistic defenses

44.03   Evidence admissible against only one defendant

44.04   Confessions

44.05   Motion for severance

 

45.00  JOINT TRIAL OF SEPARATE CHARGES

45.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

45.02   Adequacy of showing

45.03   Relief from joinder

 

46.00  JUDGES

46.01   Comment on defendant's guilt

46.02   Comment on the evidence

46.03   Recusal

46.04   Presence during trial

46.05   Demeaning participants

46.06   Questioning witness

46.07   Questioning juror

46.08   Ex parte communications

46.09   Judicial vindictiveness

46.10   Modifying prior orders

46.11   Death or disability of trial judge

 

47.00  JUDGMENT AND COMMITMENT

47.01   Amendment of judgment and commitment

47.02   Form

47.03   Motion to arrest

47.04   Prayer for judgment continued

47.05   Reinstatement of arrested judgment

 

89.00  JURISDICTION

 

48.00  JURY COERCION

48.01   Allen charge

48.02   Time fuse charge

48.03   Coercion by third-party

48.04   Inquiry into numerical split

 

49.00  JURY DELIBERATIONS

49.01   Question during jury deliberations

49.02   Request for testimony

49.03   Request for exhibit

49.04   Supplemental jury instructions

49.05   Length of deliberations

 

50.00   JURY INSTRUCTIONS

50.01   Variance between indictment and instruction

50.02   Circumstantial evidence

50.03   Confession and/or admission

50.04   Credibility of witness

50.05   Excluding evidence from consideration

50.06   Failure of defendant to testify

50.07   Failure to give instruction requested by defense

50.08   Flight

50.09   Inferences

50.10   Lesser included offense

50.11   Manner of arriving at verdict

50.12   Pattern instruction

50.13   Non-pattern instruction

50.14   Opinion testimony

50.15   Personal knowledge of jurors

50.16   Presumption

50.17   Principals, accessories, accomplices

50.18   Proof to satisfaction of jury

50.19   Reasonable doubt

50.20   Acting in concert

50.21   Informants or snitches

50.22   Doctrine of recent possession

50.23   Grant of immunity or agreement for reduction in charges

50.24   Admonitions

50.25   Disjunctive instruction

50.26   False statements by defendant

 

51.00  JURY MISCELLANEOUS

51.01   Jury list

51.02   Substitution of alternate

51.03   Note taking

51.04   Jury view

51.05   Questioning witnesses

 

52.00  JURY MISCONDUCT

52.01   Failure to disclose information during jury selection or voir dire

52.02   Communication with third parties

52.03   Use of drugs or alcohol during trial

52.04   Consulting outside source or conducting experiment

52.05   Presence of unauthorized persons during deliberations

52.06   Sleeping during trial

52.07   Unauthorized view

52.08   Use of dictionaries, Bibles, and other materials during deliberations

52.09   Failure to follow the law

52.10   Exposure to extrinsic evidence

52.11   Deliberating outside jury room

 

53.00  JURY SELECTION (VOIR DIRE)

53.01   Method of selection

53.02   Underrepresentation of racial group in jury pool

53.03   Dismissal in unrecorded bench conference

53.04   Use of hypothetical

53.05   Challenge for cause

53.06   Peremptory challenge

53.07   Questioning by judge

53.08   Jury questionnaire

53.09   Rehabilitation

53.10   Stake-out question

53.11   Empanelment

53.12   Reopening questioning

 

54.00  JUVENILES

54.08   Petition

54.09   Adjudication

54.01   Dispositions

54.02   Transfer to superior court

54.03               Eligibility for transfer

54.04               Adequacy of showing

54.05               Adequacy of findings

54.06               Waiver

54.07   Use of prior juvenile adjudication

 

55.00  KIDNAPPING

55.01   First degree kidnapping

55.02               Instruction on

55.03               Insufficient evidence

55.04               Indictment for

55.05               Lesser included offense

55.06   Second degree kidnapping

55.07               Instruction on

55.08               Insufficient evidence

55.09               Indictment for

55.10               Lesser included offense

55.11   Felonious Restraint

55.12               Instruction on

55.13               Insufficient evidence

55.14               Indictment for

55.15               Lesser included offense

55.16   False imprisonment

55.17               Instruction on

55.18               Insufficient evidence

55.19               Indictment for

55.20               Lesser included offense

55.21   Abduction of children

55.22               Instruction on

55.23               Insufficient evidence

55.24               Indictment for

55.25               Lesser included offense

 

93.00  KNOWING USE OF PERJURED TESTIMONY (NAPUE, AGURS, GIGLIO)

93.01   Materiality

 

56.00  LARCENY

56.01   Larceny   felonious

56.02               Instruction on

56.03               Insufficient evidence

56.04               Indictment for

56.05               Lesser included offense

56.06   Possession of stolen goods   felonious

56.07               Instruction on

56.08               Insufficient evidence

56.09               Indictment for

56.10               Lesser included offense

56.11   Receiving stolen goods   felonious

56.12               Instruction on

56.13               Insufficient evidence

56.14               Indictment for

56.15               Lesser included offense

56.16   Possession of, receiving, transfer of a stolen vehicle

56.17               Instruction on

56.18               Insufficient evidence

56.19               Indictment for

56.20               Lesser included offense

56.21   Embezzlement

56.22               Instruction on

56.23               Insufficient evidence

56.24               Indictment for

56.25               Lesser included offense

56.26   Larceny - misdemeanor

56.27               Instruction on

56.28               Insufficient evidence

56.29               Charging document

56.30               Lesser included offense

56.31   Possession of stolen goods - misdemeanor

56.32               Instruction on

56.33               Insufficient evidence

56.34               Charging document

56.35               Lesser included offense

56.36   Receiving stolen goods - misdemeanor

56.37               Instruction on

56.38               Insufficient evidence

56.39               Charging document

56.40               Lesser included offense

56.41   Felonious conversion by bailee

56.42               Instruction on

56.43               Insufficient evidence

56.44               Charging document

56.45               Lesser included offense

56.46   Larceny by Employee

56.47               Instruction on

56.48               Insufficient evidence

56.49               Charging document

56.50               Lesser included offense

 

57.00  MISTRIAL

57.01   Reference to inadmissible evidence

 

99.00  MOTION FOR APPROPRIATE RELIEF

99.01   Grounds for

99.02   Evidentiary hearing

99.03   Adequacy of findings

58.00  MOTION FOR NONSUIT OR DISMISSAL

58.01   Standard governing

 

59.00  NEWLY DISCOVERED EVIDENCE

59.01   Exercise of due diligence

59.02   Materiality of evidence

59.03   Probable effect on verdict

 

60.00  OPENING STATEMENT

60.01   Failure to present evidence on matter included in opening statement

 

61.00  PARTIES TO OFFENSES

61.01   Acting in concert

61.02               Insufficient evidence

61.03               Instruction on

61.04   Aiding and abetting

61.05               Insufficient evidence

61.06               Instruction on

61.07   Accessory before the fact

61.08               Insufficient evidence

61.09               Instruction on

61.10               Indictment for

61.11   Accessory after the fact

61.12               Insufficient evidence

61.13               Instruction on

61.14               Indictment for

 

62.00   PERJURY, BRIBERY, CRIMES AGAINST ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

62.01   Perjury

62.02               Instruction on

62.03               Insufficient evidence

62.04               Indictment for

62.05               Lesser included offense

62.06   Intimidating witnesses

62.07               Instruction on

62.08               Insufficient evidence

62.09               Indictment for

62.10               Lesser included offense

62.11   Bribery

62.12               Instruction on

62.13               Insufficient evidence

62.14               Indictment for

62.15               Lesser included offense

62.16   False statement on indigency

62.17               Instruction on

62.18               Insufficient evidence

62.19               Indictment for

62.20               Lesser included offense

 

112.00   PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

112.01   Grounds for

112.02   Evidentiary hearing

112.03   Adequacy of findings

 

63.00   PRESENCE OF DEFENDANT

63.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

63.02   Proceedings at which presence is required

 

111.00  PRETRIAL / POST CONVICTION DNA TESTING

111.01  Grounds for request

111.02  Adequacy of findings

111.03  Right to counsel

 

109.00  PRIOR INCONSISTENT/CONSISTENT STATEMENTS

109.01   Corroborative

109.02   Substantive use

 

91.00   PROBATION

91.01   Commencement of term

91.02               Conditions of

91.03               Revocation of

 

64.00   PROCEEDING PRO SE

64.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

64.02   Unequivocal request

64.03   Adequacy of advisement

64.04   Sufficiency of waiver

64.05   Capacity (Indiana v. Edwards)

 

65.00   PROPORTIONALITY (non-capital)

65.01   Constitutional or statutory provisions

 

66.00   PROSECUTOR

66.01   Recusal

66.02   Ex parte communication

66.03   Misconduct

66.04               Discovery

66.05               Jury selection

66.06               Opening statement

66.07               Direct examination

66.08               Cross-examination

66.09               Closing argument

66.10   Prosecutorial vindictiveness

66.11   Calendaring authority

 

102.00  PUBLIC MORALITY AND DECENCY

102.01   Crime against nature

102.02               Instruction on

102.03               Insufficient evidence

102.04               Indictment for

102.05   Incest

102.06               Instruction on

102.07               Insufficient evidence

102.08               Indictment for

102.09   Bigamy

102.10               Instruction on

102.11               Insufficient evidence

102.12               Indictment for

102.13   Fornication and adultery

102.14               Instruction on

102.15               Insufficient evidence

102.16               Charging document

102.17   Obscene literature and exhibitions

102.18               Instruction on

102.19               Insufficient evidence

102.20               Indictment for

102.21   Employing or permitting minor to assist in offense under Article

102.22               Instruction on

102.23               Insufficient evidence

102.24               Indictment for

102.25   Dissemination to minors

102.26               Instruction on

102.27               Insufficient evidence

102.28               Indictment for

102.29   Indecent exposure

102.30               Instruction on

102.31               Insufficient evidence

102.32               Charging document

102.33   Sexual exploitation or prostitution of a minor

102.34               Instruction on

102.35               Insufficient evidence

102.36               Indictment for

102.37   Indecent liberties with a child (see Sexual Assault)

 

67.00   PUBLIC TRIAL

67.01   Partial closure

67.02   Total closure

 

68.00   RECORDATION

 

69.00   REOPENING CASE

69.01   Reopening State's case-in-chief

69.02   Reopening defense case

69.03   Reopening State's case-in-rebuttal

 

70.00   RESTRAINT, JAIL UNIFORMS, AND OTHER INFRINGEMENTS ON PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE

70.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

70.02   Showing required for restraint

70.03   Necessity of court order for restraint

70.04   Stun belt

70.05   Handcuffs or leg irons

70.06   Gagging

70.07   Armed guards, police officers, excessive showing of force during trial

70.08   Wearing jail uniforms at trial

 

71.00   RETROACTIVITY

 

72.00   REVOCATION OF SUSPENDED SENTENCE, ACCELERATION OF DEFERRED SENTENCE

72.01   Timeliness

72.02   Factual findings

72.03   Insufficient evidence/Abuse of discretion to revoke

72.04   Right to counsel

72.05   Rules of evidence

 

73.00   RIGHT TO TESTIFY

73.01   Advisement regarding

73.02   Adequacy of waiver

 

74.00   ROBBERY

74.01   Common law robbery

74.02               Instruction on

74.03               Insufficient evidence

74.04               Indictment for

74.05               Lesser included offense

74.06   Armed robbery

74.07               Instruction on

74.08               Insufficient evidence

74.09               Indictment for

74.10               Lesser included offense

74.11   Extortion

74.12               Instruction on

74.13               Insufficient evidence

74.14               Indictment for

74.15               Lesser included offense

 

107.00   SATELLITE-BASED MONITORING OF SEX OFFENDERS

107.01   Procedure for making the eligibility determination

107.02   Reportable conviction

107.03   Sexually violent predator

107.04   Recidivist

107.05   Aggravated offense

107.06   Committed physical, mental, or sexual abuse of a minor

107.07               Risk Assessment

107.08               Determination of type of supervision needed

107.09               Length of enrollment

107.10   Constitutionality of statutes

107.11               Ex post facto violation

107.12               Cruel and unusual punishment

107.13               Due process violation

107.14               Equal protection violation

107.15               Separation of powers

107.16               Double Jeopardy

107.17               Guilty Plea - Voluntary, Knowing, and Intelligent Waiver

107.18               Right to Privacy

 

109.00   SCHOOL ATTENDANCE LAW VIOLATION

109.01   Instruction on

109.02   Insufficient evidence

109.03   Indictment for

109.04   Lesser included offense

 

75.00   SEARCH AND SEIZURE

75.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

75.02   Reasonable expectation of privacy

75.03   Standing

75.04   Terry stop and frisk

75.05               Reasonable suspicion

75.06               Duration

75.07               Permissible scope of stop

75.08               Permissible scope of frisk

75.09   Warrant requirements

75.10               Probable cause

75.11                           Hearsay

75.12                           Fellow officer

75.13               Application for warrant

75.14                           Supporting affidavit

75.15                           Stale or Anticipatory

75.16                           Authority to issue

75.17                           Description of place to be searched

75.18                           Description of item to be seized

75.19               Execution of warrant

75.20                           Timeliness

75.21                           Manner of execution

75.22               Franks claims

75.23   Abandonment

75.24   Administrative search

75.25   Automobile search

75.26               Search of driver or passenger

75.27               Search of containers

75.28               Bus or railway search

75.29   Body cavity search

75.30   Consent

75.31               Test for determining

75.32               Third party consent

75.33               Scope of consent given

75.34   Curtilage and open fields

75.35   Electronic surveillance

75.36   Exigent circumstances

75.37   Inventory search

75.38   Jailhouse search

75.39   Plain feel

75.40   Plain smell    

75.41   Plain view

75.42               Officer where he had a right to be

75.43               Inculpatory nature of evidence

75.44   Pretext search

75.45   Probationers and parolees

75.46   Racial profiling

75.47   Roadblock or border search

75.48   Search incident to arrest

75.49   Strip search

75.50   Limitations on the exclusionary rule

75.51               Good faith exception

75.52               Inevitable discovery

75.53               Attenuation

75.54               Independent source

75.55   Fruit of the Poisonous Tree

75.56   Motion to suppress

75.57               Timeliness of filing

75.58               Affidavit

75.59               Order

75.60   Private party search and seizure

75.61   Forced blood draw    

 

76.00   SELECTIVE PROSECUTION

 

77.00   SELF-INCRIMINATION AT TRIAL

77.01   Comment on defendant's invocation of right to remain silent

77.02   Testimony on defendant's invocation of right to remain silent

 

78.00   SEQUESTRATION

78.01   Witnesses

78.02   Jury

 

110.00   SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION AND SEX OFFENDER CRIMES

110.01   Offenders subject to registration

110.02   Failure to register as a sex offender

110.03               Adequacy of notice

110.04               Instruction on

110.05               Insufficient evidence

110.06               Indictment for

110.07   Termination of sex offender registration

110.08               Eligibility for termination

110.09               Petition for termination

110.10               Adequacy of findings

110.11   Convicted sex offender permanent No Contact order

110.12   Being present at a location used by minors

 

79.00   SEXUAL ASSAULT (also see Public Morality and Decency)

79.01   First-degree rape of a child - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.2(a)(1)

79.02               Instruction on

79.03               Insufficient evidence

79.04               Indictment for

79.05               Lesser included offense

79.06   First-degree forcible rape - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.2(a)(2)

79.07               Instruction on

79.08               Insufficient evidence

79.09               Indictment for

79.10               Lesser included offense

79.11   Rape of a child; adult offender - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.2A

79.12               Instruction on

79.13               Insufficient evidence

79.14               Indictment for

79.15               Lesser included offense

79.16   Second-degree rape - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.3

79.17               Instruction on

79.18               Insufficient evidence

79.19               Indictment for

79.20               Lesser included offense

79.21   First-degree sexual offense with a child - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.4(a)(1)

79.22               Instruction on

79.23               Insufficient evidence

79.24               Indictment for

79.25               Lesser included offense

79.26   First-degree forcible sexual offense - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.4(a)(2)

79.27               Instruction on

79.28               Insufficient evidence

79.29               Indictment for

79.30               Lesser included offense

79.31   Sexual offense with a child; adult offender - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.4A

79.32               Instruction on

79.33               Insufficient evidence

79.34               Indictment for

79.35               Lesser included offense

79.36   Second-degree sexual offense - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.5

79.37               Instruction on

79.38               Insufficient evidence

79.39               Indictment for

79.40               Lesser included offense

79.41   Sexual battery - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.5A

79.42               Instruction on

79.43               Insufficient evidence

79.44               Indictment for

79.45               Lesser included offense

79.46   Sexual activity by a substitute parent/custodian - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.7(a)

79.47               Instruction on

79.48               Insufficient evidence

79.49               Indictment for

79.50               Lesser included offense

79.51   Sexual activity by a school administrator/teacher - N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.7(b)

79.52               Instruction on

79.53               Insufficient evidence

79.54               Indictment for

79.55               Lesser included offense

79.56   Statutory rape or sex offense of 13, 14, or 15 year old; Defendant at least 6 years older - N.C.G.S. § 14-27.7(a)

79.57               Instruction on

79.58               Insufficient evidence

79.59               Indictment for

79.60               Lesser included offense

79.61   Statutory rape or sex offense of 13, 14, or 15 year old; Defendant more than 4 but less than 6 years

               older - N.C.G.S. § 14-27.7(b)

79.62               Instruction on

79.63               Insufficient evidence

79.64               Indictment on

79.65               Lesser included offense

79.66   Indecent Liberties with a child

79.67               Instruction on

79.68               Insufficient evidence

79.69               Indictment for

79.70               Lesser included offense

 

80.00   SPEEDY TRIAL

80.01   Constitutional and statutory provisions

80.02   Computation of time

 

104.00  STANDARDS OF REVIEW

Please see the following paper discussing standards of review: Avoiding Controversy Over the Standard of Review

 

81.00   STRUCTURED SENTENCING

81.01   Aggravating factors

81.02               Apprendi/Ring/Blakely

81.03               Double counting of element

81.04               Double counting of aggravating factors

81.05               Written findings of fact

81.06               Departure from presumptive range

81.07               Burden of proof

81.08               Induced others or leadership position

81.09               Joined with others or not charged with conspiracy

81.10               Gangs

81.11               To avoid arrest or escape

81.12               Crime for hire or was paid to commit offense

81.13               Disrupt or hinder government functions or law enforcement

81.14               Committed against governmental employee

81.15               Especially heinous, atrocious, or cruel

81.16               Great risk of death

81.17               Defendant in public office

81.18               Armed or used deadly weapon

81.19               Victim characteristics (age, infirmity, handicap)

81.20               While on pretrial release

81.21               Defendant involved a minor in commission of crime

81.22               Great monetary loss or value or large quantity of contraband

81.23               Advantage of position of trust

81.24               Drugs to minor

81.25               Hate crime

81.26               Defendant does not support family

81.27               Delinquency adjudication

81.28               Permanent or debilitating injury to victim

81.29               Non-statutory aggravating factor

81.30                           Not reasonably related to sentencing goal

81.31                           Not related to character or conduct of defendant

81.311 Jury Trial on Aggravating Factors

81.312             Notice

81.313            Jury Instructions

81.314            Verdict

81.32   Mitigating factors

81.33               Written findings of fact

81.34               Departure from presumptive range

81.35               Burden of proof

81.36               Committed under duress, coercion, threat

81.37               Passive participant

81.38               Mental or physical condition reducing culpability

81.39               Age, immaturity, limited mental capacity

81.40               Restitution made to victim

81.41               Victim over 16 and voluntarily consented or participated

81.42               Defendant provided information on another

81.43               Strong provocation, extenuating relationship

81.44               Unforeseeable consequence

81.45               Mistake of law

81.46               Early acknowledgment of wrongdoing

81.47               Good reputation in community

81.48               Defendant is a minor with reliable supervision

81.49               Honorable discharge from military

81.50               Acceptance of responsibility

81.51               Drug or alcohol treatment

81.52               Supports family

81.53               Community support

81.54               Good employment history

81.55               Good treatment prognosis or plan

81.56               Non-statutory mitigating factor

81.57   Prior record level

81.58               Burden of proof

81.59               Method of proof

81.60               Multiple convictions obtained in one week
81.61               Stipulations and waivers

81.62   Sentencing Hearing

81.63               Allocution

81.64               Right to present evidence

81.65               Abuse of discretion

81.66   Out-of-state convictions

81.67   All elements of present offense included in prior offense

81.68   Offense committed while on probation, serving sentence of imprisonment, or on escape

81.69   Credit for presentence confinement

81.70   Life with Parole

 

 

96.00   THREATENING BEHAVIOR

96.01   Stalking

96.02               Instruction on

96.03               Insufficient evidence

96.04               Charging document

96.05               Lesser included offense

96.01   Cyberstalking

96.07               Instruction on

96.08               Insufficient evidence

96.09               Charging document

96.10               Lesser included offense

96.11   Violation of domestic violence protective order

96.12               Instruction on

96.13               Insufficient evidence

96.14               Charging document

96.15               Lesser included offense

96.16   Rioting

96.17               Instruction on

96.18               Insufficient evidence

96.19               Charging document

96.20               Lesser included offense

96.21   Disorderly conduct

96.22               Instruction on

96.23               Insufficient evidence

96.24               Charging document

96.25               Lesser included offense

96.26   Ethnic intimidation

96.27               Instruction on

96.28               Insufficient evidence

96.29               Charging document

96.30               Lesser included offense

96.31   Resist, delay or obstruct public officer

96.32               Instruction on

96.33               Insufficient evidence

96.34               Charging document

96.35               Lesser included offense

96.36   Malicious conduct by a prisoner

96.37               Instruction on

96.38               Insufficient evidence

96.39               Charging document

96.40               Lesser included offense

96.41   Communicating threats

96.42               Instruction on

96.43               Insufficient evidence

96.44               Charging document

96.45               Lesser included offense

96.46   Intimidating a Witness

96.47               Instruction on

96.48               Insufficient evidence

96.49               Charging document

96.50               Lesser included offense

96.51   Communicating a False Bomb Report

96.52               Instruction on

96.53               Insufficient evidence

96.54               Charging document

96.55               Lesser included offense

 

95.00   TRESPASS

95.01   Instruction on

95.02   Insufficient evidence

95.03   Charging document

95.04   Lesser included offense

 

83.00   TRIAL BY JURY

83.01   Fair cross-section of community

83.02   Vicinage

 

84.00   VENUE

84.01   Offense committed in more than one county or state

84.02   Inherent authority to change venue

84.03   Motion to change venue

84.04               Adequacy of showing

 

85.00   VERDICTS

85.01   Inconsistent

85.02   Polling

85.03   Non-unanimous

85.04   Verdict form

 

86.00   VICTIM IMPACT

86.01   Presentation of

 

106.00  VOLUNTARY / INVOLUNTARY COMMITMENTS

106.01   Petition

106.02   Notice

106.03   Adequacy of Findings/Conclusions

 

87.00   WEAPONS OFFENSES

87.01   Possession of firearm by felon (felony firearm enhancement)

87.02               Instruction on

87.03               Insufficient evidence

87.04               Indictment for

87.05   Manufacture, possession of machine gun, sawed-off shotgun, weapon of mass destruction

87.06               Instruction on

87.07               Insufficient evidence

87.08               Indictment for

87.09               Lesser included offense

87.10   Discharging weapon into occupied property

87.11               Instruction on

87.12               Insufficient evidence

87.13               Indictment for

87.14               Lesser included offense

87.15   Carrying concealed weapon

87.16               Instruction on

87.17               Insufficient evidence

87.18               Charging document

87.19               Lesser included offense